Aghdam

Distance to Baku

358 км

Population  

182,000

 

Agdam is located in the valley of rivers Kura and Araz, at the Karabakh plateau close to mountains of Lesser Caucasus at the altitude of 410-1365 meters above sea level. Relief here is mostly flat with not high mountains. Rivers Khachin and Gardag flow through the territory of the district. More that 1700 hectares are occupied by forests. In the district limestone, gravel and sand are extracted.

First time Agdam was mentioned in historical documents in 1357. There is a stone plate preserved at the ancient cemetery dated 1174 that informs that here was an ancient fortress located. This information is confirmed by ancient stone quarry in Shakhbulag settlement near Agdam where limestone was extracted. Exactly this stone was used for construction of the fortress called Agdam (white roof).

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The opening of the winery in Muradbeyli village by brothers Sogomonov in 1853 was the beginning of the wine-making. In 1890 special equipment was delivered from abroad and a plant for production of brandy was opened. Another winery in Agdam was opened by Khublarov brothers. A winery opened by Alexander Zildhiyev worked in Boyahmedli village.

Agdam was the first district in Azerbaijan that started to grow cotton.

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At the territory of Agdam district among architectural monuments one can mention a mausoleum Khanoglan (XVII c.), mosque of XVII century, palace and mausoleum of Panakhali-khan, mausoleum “Gutlu-son of Musa” of XIV century in Khachinturbetli village, mausoleum (XIV c.) in Kengerli village, two mausoleums and mosque in Papravend village, caravanserai of XVII century in Shakhbulag village. The Monument of history is also a cave cut in the rock at the northern slope of Bozdag at the altitude of 300 m. This is a cave temple of XIII century related to Сhristian architecture of the State of Albania.

The only in its kind a Museum of Bread is located in Agdam. Unique exhibits of an ancient world and middle ages are collected in the museum. There are an ancient petrified examples of seeds, unique sorts of grains, a lot of valuable books, manuscripts, materials about husbandry, an ancient tools for farming: a plow, sickle simple and toothed, threshing board, hand mill and others.

Due to the fact that since July 23, 1992 the district is under Armenian occupation tourists are not recommended to enter the territory of Agdam and Nagorno-Karabakh.