Kalbajar

Kalbajar

Distance to Baku

445 km

Population

83,900

 

This most alpine district of Azerbaijan is located in 139 km from the railway station Barda aside from highway Barda – Istisu in the gorge of Terter river at the altitude of 1500 – 1800 meters above sea level in the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus. The highest peak here is Djamishdag. Mountains Murov, Shakhdag, Shergi Bayazit, Basarkecher, Mikhteken, part of the Karabakh mountains chain and Karabakh plateau also belong to this region.

Winter season at the most part of the territory is dry with cold mountainous climate. The biggest river is Terter. There are two lakes at the territory of the district: Alageller and Zalha. Some time ago this district was famous by its long-lived persons because here lived a lot of persons crossed their 100 year border-line and this is not surprising: Kelbadjar mountains where more than 200 medicinal herbs are growing could be called a green pharmacy for sure. The recreational area Istisu located at the altitude of 2200 meters above sea level by its beauty and characteristics is not worse than world known Karlovy Vary.

This land rich in minerals where are more that 30000 springs, hundreds of hot and mineral springs, where more that 4 000 kinds of plants are growing and 280 hectars are occupied by forests is called a natural museum.

The gold was mined here since ancient times. The gold mine Seyudlu-Zod is known for centuries. Geological prospecting survey worked in Seyudlu in 1970-80ies found an ancient mines, caves, wells and grains of the mined in the old times gold as well as instruments of goldminers, like small scales that is a proof of the fact that gold was mined here 4-5 thousands years ago. Zar village in historical documents is called “ Shakhrezar” that means gold city.

The history of Kelbadjar that is well known as a land of ashugs as well is traced back to the old times. Petroglyphs, settlements dated by III c. BC, hundreds of ancient caves, pottery found here and other material evidences are significant indicators of the culture flourishing here.

There are 24 prominent historical monuments and 5 religious sanctuaries out of which the Khotavend sanctuary of XIII-XVIII cc. could be mentioned. A cave of 1000 meters deep was found here in 1980 by archeologists. The witnesses of the old history are also sanctuaries and fortresses Lokk, Chomerd, Ulukhan, Galaboynu, Khotavend.

Due to the fact that this district is under Armenian occupation since April 2, 1992 tourists are not recommended to enter the territory of Kelbadjar and Nagorno-Karabakh.