Khojaly

Khojaly

Distance to Baku

375 km

Population

26,700

 

Khojali is located in 14 km to north-east from Hankendi, on Shusha – Agdam highway at the altitude of 580 meters above sea level and has an advantageous geographic location. In this district placed at the Shusha slope and at the foot of the mountain were 57 villages. Soil is fertile here. Population of the city was 24,000 as of November 26, 1991.

This ancient settlement is located in the center of Khojali – Gedabek cultural zone related to Bronze Age. The most ancient historical monument of this area is a cemetery – Khojali burial ground that refers to the end of Bronze – beginning of Iron Age (XIII-VII cc. B.C). Funeral constructions in the forms of stone boxes and barrows from 1 to 15 meters of height are preserved here. One can also meet cromlechs, menhirs, and in some places boulder fields left from ice age.

In total there are more than 16 historical monuments and 6 sanctuaries in Khojali.

The fortress Askeran is also located here (“asker” means “warrior”). It was built in the middle of XVIII century. The walls of the fortress are two meters thick and 5-6 meters of height. For a long time it blocked the way for enemies to the center of Karabakh khanate – Shusha.

At the small place Yuhari Khanbagi on a way to Shusha some time ago was located very well known in the whole Caucasus by its traditions and hospitality caravanserai Tanriverdi-kishi, with chayhana, music salon, barber shop. Phaetons, caravans going to Barda, Gandja, Baku, Tiflis, Irevan and other cities of Caucasus always stayed here.

Khojali was the second after Shusha settlement where only Azerbaijanis lived. In 1990 the settlement got a status of city. The only airport in the region was also located in Khojali.

When the new stage of Armenian separatism started in 1988 Khojali has become a fortress fighting against Armenian occupation.

Due to the fact that since February 26, 1992 the district is under Armenian occupation tourists are not recommended to enter the territory of Khojali and Nagorno-Karabakh.

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